Hi, I'm Eric Goldberg and I'm ananimator and director at Walt Disney Animation Studios.
I'veworked on a lot of films and features in the past.
Amongstthem I animated the Genie in Aladdin.
Animated Phil inHercules, did two pieces for Fantasia2000.
More recently animated Louis the Alligator in Princessand the Frog, mini Maui in Moana.
And it's my pleasureto talk to you today about drawing my good friend, andhopefully yours, Baloo the bear.
So, everybody pick up yourpencils, and let's draw.
So we're going to start by drawinga circle.
And you can see I'm going to be drawing very, verylightly here.
Now practically every Disney character's head starts with acircle, it probably dates all the way back to Mickey Mouse.
But really, when we're saying a circle, what we're reallymeaning is a sphere.
So I'm going to divide it this way and this way, okay, and I'm drawing lightly, because I'm going to tie it down in the next phase.
Now, I wasalways very daunted by drawing Baloo because his facialconstruction seems so complicated, but when I wentback to research him for a project I was working on I found thatthe animators and particularly Frank Thomas went ahead andstarted with rounded shapes.
That made it a lot easier.
Sonow I am drawing Baloo's muzzle like so.
Frank tended to draw the nosekind of rounded.
as well but with a slight angleon it.
Now, this line here this is important because this isgoing to show you where to put his eyes.
So we'll put one onthis side, and one on this side.
Everybodywith me so far this is like a “U” underneath, this is like atriangular marshmallow with with curves.
Now to carry on, we're going to do the rest of his muzzle and it actually comesup in front of that eye a little bit, and the middle of it crossesthat center line.
We're going to go ahead and give Baloo, hischeeks and it kind of angles like so.
And like so and thatactually gives him kind of more of a smile.
Now continuing in our rounded phases.
I'm gonna make what looks like aslightly squared off “U” under here for his mouth.
But that's his inside mouth, wehave to draw his outer lip as well which is practicallyparallel to that tapers out a little bit more up here.
We'll draw his ear from thisside and goes right about there on the circle and we'll go ahead and draw theunderside and the other side of the rest of his bottom muzzle.
Now, we'll put a little bit of his body in here as well.
Okay, so I'm going to start with his neck, which actually has a bitof a break in it, like so.
And we can bring it out on the other side too.
Now, his body is rather big.
So I'm going to make a big shapehere to indicate his body.
In fact, I'm going to go ahead andmake that even bigger.
This is what erasers are for.
There we go.
So, now I'm going to go ahead andput on his chest color separation, as wecall it in the biz: color separation.
And this is like the center ofhis chest here.
Now, Baloo has shoulders.
So I'm going to go ahead and putthese shoulders in, just so we know where the arm needs to comeout from.
So I'm doing a pretty straight line here with a break in it.
To show that arm we'll go aheadand we'll draw a rough paw, which is basically like an egg with a curved you know triangleon top of it, it will take form later, trust me and we draw the outside of hispaw.
Okay, now we're going to make his arm coming down andBaloo's got really, really big, thick arms.
He's a bear, ofcourse.
So he would.
Now right now it kind of looks like him.
But now I'm going to do the stage that we call tie down.
We've got the rough construction for him.
But now we're going toadd all the nuances that make him look like who he is.
Sofirst of all, with this construction one thing I noticed Is that they would start bysquaring off that end.
Okay, they bring his head back here, and they would add hair to the top which had the effectof kind of flattening his head.
Now we're going to put in someeyebrows here, one, two.
You can see I'm starting togo darker now.
Now he would also have a little bit of a cheekline there under his eye.
And one thing that was very, verycharacteristic about Disney characters from this period inthe 60s is that often they had eyes that had darker lashes ontop and then the tiniest bit of eyelid over it.
I think theyfelt that gave the character more personality So if you really want to see himcome alive now we'll go ahead and put in his eyeballs.
One thing that helps is notputting–is leaving a little bit of white space here.
Before youdraw this pupil, it just brings the pupils a little closertogether and makes it more appealing.
Now I'm going to goin, and I'm going to tie down his hair when it shouldn't look like it's, it's stiff.
You know, one of the great things that they discovered when they wereworking in this style is that they were using Xerox toactually get the images from the pencil drawings on to the cells.
So they liked it rough and that really freed them up todo a lot of different things.
Now I'm just tying down his muzzle and you can see I put alittle bump there, there's just a little bit of a break.
And now I'm going to tie downhis nose.
And even though animators like Frank started with that round shape, what theywould do for the final cleanup is put a plane over here and aplane over here.
So you would be able to see that is a top planeand that's the front plane.
Now, this Xerox thing that I'mtalking about, was great for Jungle Book because they coulddo fur.
They could do great things with fur.
I'm going toput a little middle line down there, because from that line, we're just going to make a little bit of a bear lip here and bring this down, put a little bit of a break in here.
Bring this up into that cheek line.
Go ahead and tie down this line.
If you want, you can put littlepock marks in there.
Now, on this side, we're notjust going to make a straight line, he's got bushy hair thatcomes out.
So we're just gonna go a little bit outside thatcircle and give him the bushy hair.
Now let's do his mouth, which asI said is slightly squared off.
And even though Baloo's a bearand he has teeth, they don't tend to use his teeth very muchfor his dialogue animation, but when he opens his mouth wideenough, you can see it so I'm going to put two little teeth Down here, and then I'm going to put histongue behind it.
The teeth are kind oflike curved candy corn.
And then the tongue is like an angle hereand an angle there.
And if you want to be really clever, youcan go ahead and shade in the dark part.
Now one reason I love Baloo isthat when The Jungle Book came out, I was 12, 1967.
And itfascinated me how beautiful this hand drawn animation was, andwhat a great lovable character Baloo in particular was in thatfilm.
Now let's do his ear.
Sospeaking of fur, we'll put a little fur around that and asyou can see, as I'm building this up, We really need to think ofeverything as three dimensional.
So here is the outside part ofhis ear.
And in here is just hairs coming from inside theear.
Sometimes they would put a couple of lines underneath Baloo'schin, just to show that, you know, he's opening his mouth andit's squishing his fur underneath.
So now let's goahead and resolve this which has a little bit of abreak in it.
And I'm going to go ahead and dothe same thing on the other side with the neck.
My favorite Balooanimator happened to be Ollie Johnston, one of the great nineold men.
And when I saw “Bare Necessities” for the first time, I was absolutely marveling at it.
You know My wife Susan and I attended alecture given by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston about 30/40 years ago, actually, and they were showing “Bare Necessities” And I'm watching Baloo dancearound.
It's all Ollie Johnston's animation, and I'mthinking, it's just a pile of drawings.
And so the characterhas always been inspirational for me, how do you accomplishsuch a likeable, physically believable character? as they did, you can see I'mreally just hitting these lines here and darkening them up.
Nowlet's work on his paw.
Okay, so this is actually the center ofhis paw.
And you can put a little break in here to give ita little more construction and maybe even a break in the middle.
Okay, and then we can go ahead and put the rest of his paw around it.
Now he has four claws1, 2, 3, 4 your numbers may vary.
As I was going through the film, Inoticed that Oh, some scenes he has three claws, some scenes hehas four.
Generally speaking, if he's this close, he would havefour.
Notice I put in a little wrinkle there.
Again just tomake Baloo seem, fleshy and believable.
And as we tie thisdown, we'll put a little more fur around it.
And we're goingto tie down the other side.
Now I'm not actually going to drawthis line.
The line is there for us to know where his shoulder fits into his body.
So now I cango ahead and add fur often they put more fur onthe elbows than in other places.
We can go ahead then and do therest of his arm here.
And the rest of his arm there.
And there we have it, our oldpal Baloo.
So thank you for drawing Baloowith me.
I hope you enjoyed it.
And maybe we'll do it againsometime in the future.