Today’s video is going to be a little different.
Instead of one of my usual tutorial videos, I’m going to take you behind the scenes and show you the process I go through making these tutorials.
Hey guys, what’s up.
My name is Serge, and welcome back to my channel.
As of the time I’m recording this video, I’ve made and published over 200 tutorialvideos, at least one, sometimes more every week for the last 3 years.
During this time, my precess has changed and evolved quite abit, and it’s still evolving.
I’m always looking to make this processquicker and more efficient, to bring you better qualityvideos in the least amount of time.
I’m hoping sharing my precess gives you a few ideas, or maybe a bit of inspiration for your videos, or maybe even inspires you to make your owntutorials, to share some of your knowledge.
First up is research.
After coming up with an idea for a video, I do as much research on the topic as possible.
This ensures I deliver the most correct and up to date information I can.
Usually, if the topic of my video is a technical aspect of Final Cut Pro, the first place I go to is Apple’s own supportdocuments.
This is a great resource, and it’s constantly updated with the most up to date information, and it’s very credible.
I look at other online resources too, but always reference back to this to make sure the information is correct.
Even if I’m familiar with the topic I’mcovering in my video, I always read these documents, to either confirm what I know, or learn a better or more efficient way toachieve this.
Majority of the time, I end up learning something new here, so the few minutes it takes to read these, is time very well spent.
After I feel comfortable enough with the topic, I open up Final Cut Pro and do a trial run.
I come up with an idea of what I want to coverin my video, and try it out in Final Cut Pro.
During this phase, instead of focusing onthe step by step process.
I focus on the finished result.
For example, if I do a tutorial video on aneffect you can do in Final Cut Pro, I’ll either import a bunch of my own footage, or download and import stock footage, and try the effect on a bunch of differentclips.
Personally, I find, when playing around with different clips and trying out differenteffects, is the best time to come up with unique ideas and a different way of doing things.
After applying the effect to a bunch of differentclips, I go though them and find the ones that lookbest, and which ones would work best for demo purposes.
I often end up using these clips in my videointro, to show you the finished effect right at thestart of the video.
This way people don’t have to watch halfthe video to find out it’s not what they’re lookingfor.
I’ll jot down a few notes, and write downall the settings I use for these clips, to make it easier toreplicate.
One of my pet peeves in tutorial videos is when people don’t know how to exactlyachieve the effects they’re trying to show, and end up trying out different stuff in thetutorial, in turn wasting the viewers time.
I don’t discourage experimenting, but I try to do this ahead of time, so when it comes time to record the video, I know exactly what I’m doing.
After figuring everything out, I script myvideos.
Some people just wing it, some make bulletpoints, but scripting out video is what works bestfor me.
This lets me deliver information in the mostefficient way, without rambling on.
I’ll start with the clips I selected formy demos, and go through the precess all over again, referring to my notes for the exact values.
As I do this, I have a pages document open, where I type out all the steps in a way I want to deliver them in my video.
Once my script is done, I make a new Demo project in Final Cut Pro.
I set up my iPad beside me, turn on screen recording, start with the original clips, and go through all the steps in my script.
I like doing this before I record my voiceoveror my A-Roll video.
This way, if there’s any mistakes in myscript, I can catch and fix them before recordingthe video.
If everything looks good and works as expected, I move onto recording my A-Roll.
I set my recording space, including camera, lights, microphone and anything else I need in the video.
Since I script all my videos, I usually transfer my script to my phone, and set that up in a teleprompter.
I record my A-Roll at least twice, sometimeseven more times, just so I have lots of takes to choose from.
While the lights and camera are still setup, this is also when I try to record all my B-Rollclips, and take a few still images for my thumbnail.
This way my lighting and sound stay consistentin all my footage.
Next, before importing anything in Final CutPro, I transfer all my video and audio clips onto my computer and organize them.
First, I make a separate folder for the videoI’m making.
Inside this folder, I make folders for A-Roll, B-Roll, Audio and Still Images and move my media into the proper folders.
Once everything is in place, I import this folder into Final Cut Pro.
In the Import window, I copy all my media to library, and make sure Keywords are added from Folders.
This way I can easily find what I’m lookingfor.
Since I record all my audio to an externalrecorder, first thing I do after import is sync all the audio to the proper videoclips.
After syncing, I reject the original clips so I don’t accidentally use them, and hide the rejected clips from the mediabrowser.
I also review all my B-Roll, and reject any clips I know I’m not goingto use.
This helps clean up my media browser.
I also add the appropriate Keywords to mysynced clips, usually A-Roll or B-Roll if it needs audio.
Now I’m ready to edit my video.
For my videos, since they’re all voiceoverbased, I start by editing A-Roll.
I pick my best take and drop it into my timeline.
Even with scripted videos, I tend to make quite a few mistakes when recording, so I go through my entire clip, edit out all the mistakes, and add gap clips wherever I need to pause for a few moments to demonstrate somethingI’m showing in the video.
I usually set the duration of my first gapclip to 10 frames, and just copy and paste this gap clip wherever I need to pause.
I’m not too worried about timing of thesegap clips right now, since I can easily adjust them later.
After my A-Roll is edited, it’s time to add B-Roll and the screen recording clips from before.
I usually start with my screen recordings.
I’ll skim my timeline, place the playhead where I want the screencast to start, and connect it above my A-Roll.
First thing I do is crop this clip to fitthe video frame, and make a connected storyline out of thisclip.
This way, the connected screen recording clip, still retain the magnetic timeline properties.
Next step is lining up the steps in the screenrecording to what I say in the video.
I’ll play back my clip, place a marker on the action I talk about, and then skim the screen recording, and place a marker on that step.
To line the markers up, I use a combinationof edits.
First, I cut out all the dead space, or parts with nothing happening on screen, from the screen recording.
After that, if the action isn’t important, or if it’s a step previously shown, I re-time the screen recording clip to speedit up.
If that’s not possible, I ripple trim the gap clips in my primarytimeline to line up the markers.
The method I use depends on what part of thevideo I’m on.
I try to deliver all my information in themost efficient method.
I want my videos to move fast enough to keepthe viewer’s interest, but slow enough for people to follow along and fully grasp the context.
Sometimes I move a bit too fast, but I only had a few complaints.
Most people are OK with pausing and rewindingthe video, at least I think.
After all my B-Roll is edited, I re-framemy clips.
A lot of the time during my tutorials, I focus on a specific area in the window, and I find it very helpful to zoom in on thatarea.
To do this I select all the clips in my connectedtimeline, and combine them all into one compound clip.
I then use the crop tool and keyframe it to zoom in and out of the Final Cut Pro window.
This gives the viewer a better look at some of the smaller details in Final CutPro.
I also add and edit any additional B-Roll to my timeline at this stage.
When all my B-Roll and screen recordings areadded and edited, I go through my entire timeline again, add the intro and outro animations, and if necessary add titles and overlays tomy timeline.
I use this to add any additional information, or if I mention a keyboard shortcut, I like to add a title when I say it, to makeit more clear.
This usually concludes the rough draft ofmy project.
Next step is to polish it up and export the finished video.
Before polishing my video, I like to watch the entire project, and catch and fix any mistakes.
Also, before moving onto the next steps, I duplicate my project as a snapshot to have something to refer back to if I messthings up.
Next step is the the audio mix and color correction.
I select all my A-Roll clips, and combine them into one compound clip, so I don’t have to apply effects to eachindividual clip.
First thing I do is adjust my voice audiolevels.
For this, I either use the Compressor or Limitereffects built into Final Cut Pro.
I try to normalize my voiceover level between-6 and -3dB, without peaking any audio.
For voiceovers I find the Compressor effect gets me the best result.
After normalizing my audio, if I feel it addsto the video, I’ll add some background music.
I isolate the music clip, and set the audio level to around -30dB, just so it doesn’t interfere with my A-Rollaudio.
During the demo clips, and any time there’s a significant amountof space with no audio, I key frame the volume up a bit, to around -20dB.
The range tool works perfect for this.
As my final step before exporting the video, I add a basic color correction to my A andB-Roll clips.
I try to set my lights and camera settings to get the best image quality out of my camera, so the color correction needed is minimal, if any at all.
After my project is finished, I give it a Final Watch before exporting.
If I have time, I try to watch it on a numberof different screens, to make sure everything looks and sounds good.
If I’m happy with it, it’s time to export and share the finishedvideo.
To export my videos, I set up a batch export preset in Compressor to export three copies of the video.
The first copy is a high quality, Apple ProRes 422 format I use for archiving the video.
I usually move this to an external Hard Drive.
The second copy is optimized for uploading to YouTube in the H.
The file size of this copy is much smallerand easier upload.
The third copy of my export is a low resolution, small file I store on my computer for reference.
Before archiving my project, the last step I take is making a YouTube thumbnail.
Depending on the video, I use a few different apps to make this.
Sometimes, I do this right in Final Cut Pro.
Other times I make thumbnails online, UsingCanva.
I also recently subscribed to Photoshop, so lately I’ve been using it, to make mythumbnails.
Once done, I upload my video to YouTube, archive my Final Cut Pro project on a separatedrive, and move the original folder with all my media to a different drive.
This way, if I ever need to re-edit, or use parts of this video in another video, I have a few different option.
So, this is how I make my YouTube videos.
The process is not perfect and it’s constantlyevolving.
Let me know in the comments below what parts you found useful, and what you do different.
I’m always open to suggestions on how Ican streamline this.
I look forward to hearing your feedback.
Thanks for watching, and I’ll see you back here next week.