– Welcome to the birthplace of one of the longest-standingempires in the entire world.
Right now, we are here in Rome, Italy.
Rome is a civilization that started up around 1000 BC and itactually started right here where we are now, in Palatine Hill.
But one thing you needto know about the Romans is they're revered today as one of the most technologicallyadvanced ancient empires.
They were some of the firstto introduce literacy.
They were one of thefirst empires in the world that had rules of law, theywere in three continents, northern Africa, theywere in Europe, and Asia.
And then, eventually, their empire fell.
Round of applause fortheir innovativeness.
But it wasn't allrainbows and butterflies.
They're also known forslavery, gladiator wars, and a lot of bloodshed.
– Are you not entertained? – I love Russell Crowe.
Today's video is going to show you guys some of the best placesto explore around Rome, and give you a tiny little bit of history.
I'm joined here by Katherine Esquivel, Roman historian.
– The weather is perfect.
– [Christian] She studied thisin school for about 12 years.
– (laughs) It's not true.
– [Christian] Not true? – (laughs) No.
– Now, one of the bestways to see that history is none other to come to the Forum here in the Palatine Hills, and right back there, we'll go there next, the Coliseum, where Katy will befighting her next opponent.
– A tiger.
– Yeah? Right now, we are in the Roman Forum, and you did a littlebit of research on it.
– It was the main place tohandle all the economic, social, religious, and political.
– Business in the world.
So death trials wereheld here for criminals.
You're doing your time? – No, I'm just having a look.
– [Christian] What are you in for? – I don't know.
– [Christian] Are theygonna feed you to the lions? Hope not.
– Why do you scare him? – You can still see all of these ancient structures standing.
Rome is one of those placesthat you cannot explore without appreciating the history, so I want to give you theshortest form history possible.
Basically, after excavatingaround this hill, they found some signs thatpeople were here in 1000 BC, the signs of the early Roman Empire.
And the Roman Empirebasically continued on until 453 AD, After Death.
That gives it nearly atimeframe of 1500 years, one of the longest-standing empires.
One thing that's definitely for sure, it would have been prettyrisky to be a Roman because you're either a poorpeasant struggling to get by or you're in power and everyone wants to stab you in the backand take your power, so I think I prefer being a millennial.
(hip-hop music)What's up, guys? It's your boy, C-Swizzle, and today we're here with Roman Cribs.
Right behind me here, thisis the Imperial Palace, from 64 AD, After Death, man, ah.
And as you can see, it'sa pretty tight crib.
No multi-car garage, butwe got some big-ass walls, and it's a good time in here.
The Palatine Hills were actually where a lot of the richest, richest people lived and so you got palaces, you've got homes of the elite, and this is one of the longstanding ones, it was the palace of.
A Roman dude.
There are a lot ofpeople here, oh my gosh.
How much are we regrettingsleeping in this morning? – A lot.
– One thing you need to know about Rome is that there's a lot ofcruise ships that come here so you can actually avoida lot of the morning rush simply by going early morning, 'cause most of the cruiseships don't offload people until about 9:00 or 10:00 in the morning.
Do you want to be in my vlog? – What's up? – [Christian] Welcome to the vlog.
– Hi, I'm Josh.
– [Christian] Anythingyou want to shout out to? – Shout out, um, Stan.
Hi mom, hi dad.
– That is cute, yeah.
Oh, the gladiators, it's all so romantic.
I don't even need to explainwhat is right behind me here.
This is where we're going into next and one thing you needto know about ticketing is it's about 12 euros to getin here and the Palatine Hill.
The whole thing is soldtogether, so here is a Rome tip.
Basically, the line here gets crazy long.
It's actually a lot faster to buy your ticket at Palatine Hill.
Go there first and thenyou're assigned a time to come into the Coliseum.
Ours is in like 10 minutes, so we're gonna head to the entrance now.
– Do you have ticket ordo you need to buy ticket? – [Christian] We got our ticket, yeah.
Everyone's so concernedabout your tickets, they're so friendly.
– Yeah, they're so friendly.
– You trying to sell me a ticket too? So one thing that's really interesting is it says here it was completely free to come and attend these events to watch people kill each other, and it was all seatedby your social class.
So as you can imagine, the most important people were up front and the poorest and theleast relevant people all the way at the back.
And there's actually a diagram here kinda showing what itwould have looked like.
But you can see peoplejust drinking, eating food, you could even see peoplefighting in the crowd.
It would've been pandemonium.
This right here is oneof the craziest places I've ever been.
Right there is the bloody arena floor that has taken the livesof half a million people and Katy told me in the first three days, five thousand predatorialanimals, like lions.
– No, in the first hundred days.
– Hundred days, still.
That's a lot.
– In the ground, already 5000 animals died.
– [Christian] So bears, lions.
– [Katy] Wolves.
– Ducks, um.
(duck qucks) – Ducks, (laughs) pigeons.
– All sorts of crazy animals were basically put upagainst people with swords or no weapons at all.
One of the interesting things about the gladiator history and culture is that most gladiators wereactually kinda put into it as prisoners, as slaves, or prisoners of war.
And so this was a small chance for them to win back their freedom, to actually leave the gladiator stadium with prestige, with a bit of money, and in a higher class in society.
So it's that littletiny light at the tunnel that kept so many of themfighting for their lives.
And actually, towardsthe end of the empire, towards the end of the Roman Republic, some people were actuallyvolunteering themselves to become slaves in society so that they could enrollto become gladiators.
They would put themselves in a disadvantaged position in life for that slight trade-offthat maybe one day, they would be able tohave all the privileges of a very elite Roman gentleman.
– How horrible.
– It's really horrible, but I can't help but feel like this is the most fascinating part to me.
I don't know what it is, but I'm just naturally so interested by everything that happened here.
– One of things that theyfound are some paintings that prove that therewere woman gladiators.
We don't know if they did itbecause they wanted to do it or they were forced, but there were some very strong women trying to fight for their lives.
– I've earned my freedom! Back to Rome I go.
(chuckles) Just us, the crowds, the Coliseum, and some mediocre pizzafrom a tourist shop.
– No, it's really good.
– It's not even average.
– [Katy] You're such a hater.
– For our scooter rental, we stopped at a place called Bici Baci.
In English, it means bike and kiss.
We've gotten ourselves this beautiful, traditional Italian Vespa and this is gonna be ourway of getting around for the next few days.
(speaks in foreign language) – What does that mean?- Let's go.
(engine revs) (upbeat music) – [Christian] This is so awesome.
– And the weather is perfect.
– The good thing about driving a scooter is that you can literallypark it anywhere.
Basically just find a spotbetween two cars, you're good.
Actually, sorry, you're good.
Gladiator time, let's get some bloodshed.
It is another day oftraveling through Rome here and yesterday night, we hadthe most amazing walking tour through Trastevere, which islike a must-see side of Rome.
It's a beautiful neighborhood, lots of authentic Italian foodfrom gelato to hidden gems, wine cellars underneatha burnt-down synagogue, all sorts of crazy stuff.
If you want to learn more about that, then check out my food guide video which is dedicated to everything that is delicious in this city.
But today, we're gonnaget back on the road.
(engine revs) This is a block of oxtail.
This is phenomenal.
Here we are, after an amazing foodie stop, we have arrived at what is deemed to be one of the most well-preserved and influential buildings of ancient Rome.
This right here is the Pantheon, and this was built in 120 AD.
How impressive it is that something thatwas built that long ago stands like this today.
Originally built as a way to tribute to the pagan gods of Rome, so basically back in the day when they believed in manygods, this was their temple.
It's now a church? – Yeah, it's now a church.
– Most churches in all ofRome are free to enter.
Another great thing iswe're coming a bit later, it's 3:00 p.
No line, a lot of people here, but we're not caughtwaiting outside to get in.
Guys, it's even moreimpressive from the inside.
So if you can see up there, that is a beam of light coming through and there's actually no closure, so when it rains, it rainsright into the Pantheon and you can actually see there'sa little drain right there so the water would justdrip down from there and end up draining below.
All right, 20 minutes later, that was the furthestdrive we've done yet, we've now arrived in the Spanish Steps.
Yeah, a set of stairs.
Moderately interesting at best, but there's a bit of history here.
Apparently, they're thewidest stairs in the world.
– They don't look that wide to me, so I find that surprising.
And secondly, they connected the Spanishembassy with the rest of Rome, so that was why they gotcalled the Spanish Steps.
Excuse me, sir.
There's this one girl I love, and I want to show her I loveher but I don't know how.
Do you have any advice? – No, this for another person, this.
– [Christian] No? – I don't know this.
– [Christian] That was his one chance to sell a flower and he– – Yeah.
(laughs) – He missed it.
He's trying to force flowersinto everyone's hand, but the one chance he's given, it kinda went over his head a little.
We actually decided to takea bit of a chill-out moment to get away from all ofthe craziness of Rome.
It's getting close to high season and you feel it everywhere, but there's a few local parks that you can actuallyjust get an ice cream, walk around, see the cute local dogs.
And this is Villa Borghese, and it's right behind the Spanish Steps, so it's a nice greenbreakaway from it all.
– It's the third biggestpublic park in Rome, and it's really beautiful.
– We're either brave or very stupid, because we're about to doTrevi Fountain at 5:00 p.
– Oh! – Oh no.
Oh, my gosh.
So one thing I will say, I will give it credit as beingmuch, much more beautiful than it looked like in the photos.
The downside is that it'smuch busier than I expected.
I didn't think the crowdswould be anywhere near this.
It must get even busier heremidday and this is insane.
Rome is one of those spots yougotta do the touristy stuff, it's also not always themost enjoyable stuff.
Like for me, the SpanishSteps, the Pantheon, you know, it's great for history, but it's very tiring and it'snot enjoyable travel for me.
A couple spots are good, but I'm definitely notgonna try to tack off every single spot in Rome, you would simply spend allday seeing a bit of this.
For me, the enjoyable side of Rome has been just eating our way through it, experiencing more of the local side.
You know, that's more my style of travel, however you guys like totravel is totally cool, but, yeah.
Soft recommendation forthings like Trevi Fountain.
Good luck to them, (laughs) oh, my god.
There's an entire bridal partyhere to take their photos.
– [Katy] I really hopepeople respect them.
– How are they going to manage that? (crowd cheers and applauds) Wow, they got the photo.
– They got it.
– That's how you do it! (laughs)- You gotta show up with bridal dresses next time.
(laughs) That's a travel tip.
Just show up like you're getting married and you will have thefountain to yourself.
People will respect that.
So you're the closest wehave to an Italian expert, do you want to say where we are? – (laughs) Piazza Navona.
– This is Piazza Navona, and it's, piazza just means plaza, I think? – Yeah.
– Yeah, a square.
– [Christian] And this is a beautiful one.
– I look like I'm aboutto sneeze.
(laughs) – Someone in the squarejust took a photo of Katy and they printed it.
You do look like you're about to sneeze.
So, we meet again, Trevi Fountain.
What time now? – 7:20, more or less.
– Where are my earlymorning Instagram freaks at? We're here for the gram.
(laughs) (mellow music) If you really want to get the most of Rome as a photographer, no question about it, you gotta do sunrise.
20 minutes later, we've arrived by scooterto a brand new country.
In fact, it's the world's smallest country with a two-mile border circling it.
This right here is the Vatican City and it's kind of a confusing case because although it's completely separate, it is an autonomous country, it actually does some things with Italy.
For example, it doesn'tdo its own taxation, but they can print their own euro, they can create their own license plates, their own passports, and with a population of 1000 people, they're not printing that many passports.
This is the Basilica, and this is one of the largest churches, one of the most incrediblechurches in the entire world.
Dress code you need to know about is you're allowed to wear shorts, but they must cast a shadowover your knee, is the term.
So what's Katy's wearing is fine, her shoulders are covered.
This is where the Pope gives his addresses when he basically talksto the masses of people and that actually happens todaybecause today is Wednesday.
– [Katy] No, today is Thursday.
– Never mind, it was yesterday.
(Katy laughs) Freaking massive.
Oh, my gosh, this isabsolutely insane, guys.
Mind-blowing detailing in every single inch of this building.
Like how did they ever buildsuch a beautiful building back in the day? You have to be quiet though, 'cause people are actually in church.
(mellow music) So we've just seen the Basilica, and that's completely free, but now we're actually gonnabe going up to the dome and it's eight euros to go by foot or 10 euros to take the elevator.
So guys, you can actuallyget a upper view here over top of the Basilica.
I can hear the choir and theway this building is designed, the sound carries throughout and the sound is justlike angelic from up here, it's so, so beautiful, kind of like a faint soundof the hymns in the corners.
The secret side of the church they don't want you to know about.
If you're claustrophobic, I don't know, this might not be for you.
It's pretty tight in here.
Oh, my gosh.
(laughs) – This reminds me of a carnival, like one of those illusionrooms that you walk into and you can't walk a straight line.
It just doesn't end, and now there's a rope.
– [Katy] Oh, my gosh.
– The survivors, we made it.
We're on top of the world! Woo! So apparently all this out here, guys, this is the Pope's garden.
Rome is a really, really short city.
None of the buildings are overly tall and so I think to have come up here and get this view overthe city, it's worth it.
Do you agree, do you concur? – Mm-hm, 100%.
– I also liked the staircase, it was a lot of fun.
This is so claustrophobic.
So that right there, guys, is the Swiss Guard and the man is not moving an inch.
There's so many more thingsyou could be doing here in Vatican City, including the Sistine Chapel, one of the highlights.
But for us, we're done, we're done our sightseeing for today.
We're gonna head out, go get some food, potentially some spaghetti, I haven't had any yet.
I learned some prettysad news the other day when I was filming my food guide.
Apparently Italians don't have meatballs with their spaghetti.
My whole life's been a lie.
(mellow music) That was a really nice mealand 25 euros for the two of us, pretty hard to beat that.
Somebody got burnt today.
(Katy groans) During our time in Rome, we've been staying atthis incredible hotel by the name of Chapter Romaand this is the room here.
It's a beautiful studio loft, kind of modern with a chic touch to it.
Right now we're actuallyin the Jewish Ghetto, which sounds like a bit of a rough area, but it's actually one of the best places you can stay in Rome.
Our carpet has a butt on it.
The price for one of theirbasic rooms starts around here, but of course it dependswhat season you're coming in.
We give this hotel a mamma mia and a half.
– Mamma mia, (speaks foreign language)! – [Christian] That is whereI'm gonna end today's video.
I hope you enjoyed it, and if you did, please leave the video a big thumbs up.
It really makes a big difference.
And if you're planningyourself a trip to Rome, do not miss out on the foodguide that I posted last week.
See you next Saturday and let's get lost again in the next one.