Hi I'm Donna Wolfe from naztazia.
comToday I'll show you how to use a sewing machine.
All machines are different butthey generally work the same.
And I'll show you how two of mine work.
First place the sewing machine on a table find the foot pedal and the power cord.
Most importantly find the owner's manual.
You'll need some sewing machine needles in case yours break.
There are several different kinds of bobbins, so check with the manual as to the best one for your machine.
You'll need a spoolof thread.
All-purpose thread works great with most fabrics.
And finally you'llneed some fabric.
Pillowcases work great for practicing on.
It's best to iron yourfabric a bit first as it's hard to work with wrinkly stuff.
You'll want to see ifyou already have a bobbin with thread in the machine.
If not we'll have to wind one.
Place the spool of thread on the machine.
There arethread guides on the top of every machine showing you how to string thethread through.
Then place the thread through the littlehole of the bobbin.
Place it on the bobbin holder and pushit to the side.
Hold the thread from the hole upwards.
Press on the pedal and let the bobbin wind itself.
Wind a few more times thencut the thread from the hole.
Some machines can sense when the bobbin isfull but I like to manually stop it once it's 3/4 full.
Cut the thread.
Push the bobbin back the other way andtake it off the machine.
Now it is time to insert the bobbin.
Find the bobbinholder, which in my machine is in the front of the needle.
Take off the cover.
My machine allows me to just drop the bobbin in like this.
And then accordingto the diagram I weave the thread around like this.
Some other machines will haveyou insert the bobbin in different ways so check the manual for the correctmethod.
Replace the cover.
My older machine hasone small difference.
I have to push the button inside the hand wheel to tell themachine to wind the bobbin.
Now it is time to thread the machine.
This isusually the tricky part of the machine sewing for the first time.
Place thespool of thread on the machine and then follow the guide printed on themachine.
Then down the front like this.
Then around and back up like this.
At the top is a little metal lever which I need to catchthe thread around.
Back down like this.
And I have a little thread guide here inthis machine which my older machine does not have.
Now it's time to attach thethread through the needle.
Some machines have an automatic needle threader.
Othermachines you have to push the thread through the eye of the needle yourselfjust as if you were hand sewing.
Once the machine is properly threaded itis time to begin sewing.
The presser foot is very important as it holds the fabricon the machine when sewing.
You can raise and lower the presser foot like this.
Next we have a hand wheel which manually lowers and raises the sewing needle.
Turnthe wheel towards you and watch how the needle moves up and down.
Before inserting the fabric always raisethe presser foot and raise the machine's sewing needle.
Additionally pulltowards the back of the machine and under the presser foot about six inchesof thread.
Set your machine to a straight stitch either by touching the correctbutton on the screen or using the stitch dial.
Two other settings to check – tensionshould be set to the middle number or auto.
And stitch length to about 2.
Place two pieces of fabric together.
Place the edge of the fabric around the5/8 inch mark.
Lower the presser foot then turn the wheel to lower the needle.
The machine is now ready to begin sewing.
Press gently on the floor pedal.
Justlike a car if you press the pedal a little bit the machine goes slower.
Pressing it all the way down to the floor makes it go fast.
Let the machinedo the work.
Your hands and fingers are there only to gently guide the fabric incase it veers off slightly from the 5/8 inch mark.
It helps to go slowly at first.
It's okay to go past the edge of thefabric.
Once you are finished raise the presserfoot and needle first.
Gently pull the fabric away from themachine.
Cut the thread and now you have a nicestraight stitch holding two pieces of fabric together.
I'm going to show this from a differentangle.
Some sewers like to lower the needlefirst then lower the presser foot and begin sewing.
Let the machine do the work and let your hands just gently guide the fabric.
Lift the needle and presser foot.
You might have some hidden threadcutters around the machine which really helps.
And here's our newly sewn seam.
Let's go back a bit to my older machine.
Before Ieven start sewing with this machine I have to pull up the bobbin thread first.
I turn the hand wheel to lower the needle.
While holding the thread end from theneedle pull it up like this.
Grab the bobbin thread and pull it back like this.
Now you are ready to sew with this machine.
The method of sewing I showedyou works nice in machine quilting.
But if that were stitches in clothing theseam might tear apart at the two ends.
Our machines usually have a button orlever to do a reverse stitch also known as a back stitch.
Take three or fourstitches forward then press the back or reverse stitch on the machine two orthree times.
These are stitches that help lockeverything in place.
Then just continue sewing the forward straight stitch.
As you approach the end of the fabricslow down the machine.
Make a few stitches backwards.
Then proceed with the forward stitches.
Take the fabric off the machine asbefore.
And now you have two very secure ends.
At some point you will need a replace or change the sewing needle.
First shut offthe power to the machine and unplug it for safety reasons.
You might need ascrewdriver to loosen the screw.
Carefully remove the sewing needle.
They are usually flat on one side and curved on the other.
You'll need toinsert the new one in the correct direction depending upon your machine.
And use the screwdriver to gently secure it a bit more.
And that's it.
When you aredone sewing always shut off the machine and cover it to protect it.
Check theowner's manual about ongoing maintenance and care.
And that's how I use a sewingmachine.
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